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Sancreed OPC

Protestation Oath
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The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their region to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

Thomas Treuren ?

Abraham Victor

Thomas Horskin +

George Orchard

John Rawlyn +

Thomas Daniell +

Walter Treuren

John Wolcocke +

Tristram Ladner +

John Trevren

Richard Glazan +

Thomas Elyes +

John Trewren

William Toman

William Tosques +

Hugh Trewren

John Pearse

Richard Jeffery +

Richard Trewren +

Martyn Maderne +

William Rawlyn +

Francis Trewren +

William Hann

John Jeffery +

Gabriell Trewren

John Peares

Francis Elyes +

Thomas Trewren +

John Maderne +

Mathew Ladner +

Richard Trewren +

Thomas Argoll +

William Tosques +

William Grebbell +

William Argoll +

Bennet Weringe +

John Baynard +

John Horskin +

Richard Thomas +

John Baynard +

John Pearse +

Reynold Bosince +

Robert Baynard +

Mark Maderne +

Davy Chappell +

Penticost Baynerd +

Richard Ladner +

Edward Chirgwin

Thomas Gribbell +

Thomas Horskin +

John Chergwine

Gabriell Baynard +

Thomas Horskin +

Thomas Chergwine +

William Maderne +

Will Baynerd

Richard Chergwin +

William Williams

Tho Pears

William Rodda +

Thomas Gibbs +

Thomas Baynerd

John Brummole +

John Gibbs +

Penticost Symon +

Richard Brummole +

Richard Michell +

Thomas Rawlyn +

James Coliver +

William Nicholas +

John Horskin +

Nicholas Jasper +

Richard Trembah +

William Paul +

Nicholas Gibbs

John Canarthan +

Richard Lavers +

William Taylor +

John Rodda +

Benet Gibbs

Thomas Williams +

Thomas Olyvie

William Gibbs +

Peter Cosen +

Richard Olyvie

John Davy +

John Buscinnen +

Edward Olivie

Regnold Adam +

William Ladner +

Marten Samson

Nicholas Skinner +

John Chergwin +

Thomas Olyvie

Richard Mathew +

Gregory Tregion +

William Olivie

John Thomas +

Richard Pearse +

Reynold Madderne +

George Bosince +

Ric Ladner

John Noseworthy +

William Bosince +

John Maddern

Reynold Thomas

George Bosince +

Francis Maderne

Robert Treffulack

Samson Bosince +

Bennet Maderne

James Michel +

Thomas Bosince +

John Kempe

John Smyth

Vicar

Thomas Favell

Constable

Marten Samson

Constable

John Lanyon

Churchwarden

Thomas Gibbs

Churchwarden

John Olyvie

Overseer (Reseigh in justices list)

Colan Rezeith

Overseer (Reseigh in justices list)

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